Madeleine Moon MP

Member of Parliament for Bridgend

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7th-10th March

This was another busy week of committee meetings and parliamentary debates. The week also saw a welcome defeat of the Government's 'Sunday Trading' proposals and a moving debate on International Women's Day. See what else I got up to below...

MONDAY

Royal Naval Deployment in the Mediterranean

On Monday afternoon Michael Fallon, the Secretary of State for Defence, updated the House on the Prime Minister's decision to deploy naval vessels and troops to the Mediterranean in between Turkey and Greece. They will assist NATO forces in intercepting the human traffickers who are illegally ferrying migrants to Europe. Mount Bay, a Falmouth-based Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessel, a maritime Wildcat helicopter and three Border Force vessels will support NATO's monitoring and surveillance activity in the Aegean. Although this will be the focus of the mission, the personnel will inevitably encounter migrants in distress. I asked the Secretary of State to describe what arrangements are in place to protect the most vulnerable migrants if personnel are forced to conduct a rescue:


I appreciate that Mounts Bay will be on an observation and deterrence mission, but the chances are it will be involved in picking up migrants. What personnel will be there from the Home Office and what training will be given to staff in relation to working with vulnerable, isolated children and vulnerable adults who might well be picked up but whom we do not want returned into the hands of people traffickers?

The Secretary of State replied:

Those deployed on the Border Force cutters have that kind of training, but Mounts Bay is a much larger ship—16,000 tonnes—and will be operating in deeper waters to the west of Chios, so it is less likely, although not impossible, that it will be picking up large numbers of migrants; it is its helicopter that we hope will be identifying boats in distress, much closer to the shore, and working closely with the two respective coastguards.

Toby Perkins MP, the Shadow Minister for Defence, emphasised the importance of our membership of the EU in responding to the refugee crisis:

The fact that NATO has joined what was previously an EU role further demonstrates the extent to which our role in the EU enhances our global security. Does the Secretary of State agree with the Prime Minister that leaving the EU may bring refugee camps to the streets of Britain, and what more can he tell us about the ways in which he believes the EU helps us to keep Britons safe?

The Secretary of State agreed:

On his attempt to bring NATO and European Union membership into this, let me make this clear to him: the mission in the sea between Libya and Italy is a European Union mission, because in dealing with the new Libyan Government, it may need the legal authorities that the European Union can add; the group deployed in the Aegean is a NATO mission, because it of course involves a ship of the Turkish navy and is largely dealing with migrants from Turkey, which is a member of NATO. That perfectly illustrates that we need to be members of both NATO and the European Union, and that being members of both gives us the best of both worlds.

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TUESDAY

House of Commons Defence Committee

On Tuesday morning, the House of Commons Defence Committee met for the second evidence session of the inquiry, Russia: Implications for UK defence and Security. Tuesday's sessions uncovered the hidden political and strategic tools that the Kremlin deploys to exercise influence in foreign jurisdictions and to wage 'hybrid' or 'multidimensional warfare'. I asked the panel to comment on suggestions 'that the Russians are planting propaganda' about the Trans-Atlantic Trade Agreement, which has come under widespread criticism for undermining UK public services and weakening economic and environmental protections. Dr Bobo Lo, an associate fellow with both Chatham House and the French Institute of International Relations, replied:

Russians have been doing this kind of thing with various western initiatives over the years. You mentioned TTIP—another case is shale gas development in the United States. So for example in that case what the Russians did was they said that on the one hand shale gas development wouldn’t take off. It was just economically unsustainable; it would collapse and it was no threat. On the other hand, you then had Putin saying it was a disgusting way of producing energy—so Putin the environmentalist. Therefore you had this contrast between “We don’t care; it doesn’t hurt anyway” and then giving money to protest groups in the west.

Peter Pomerantsev, fellow of the Legatum Institute, elaborated further on this point:

In terms of the larger psychological information games, the Russians seem very good at picking out each country’s weak spots; so in Germany they play on anti-Americanism, guilt towards Russia from the second world war, and use that very effectively; in Britain there are things we talk about—Britain leaving Europe, and fear of Britain falling apart—but really they largely think it is about money. They can see our system and they see we are addicted to being a global financial hub, which is wonderful in so many ways but also leaves us open.

          So the recent response to the Litvinenko trial, where there was, I think, a very strong case to be made for sanctions against Russian companies involved in the murder—we kind of avoided that, because that is our big weak spot, and they have kind of worked that out.

International Women's Day

Tuesday was International Women's Day and I was thrilled to welcome Fion from Bryntirion school to Westminster. Fion left Bridgend in the early hours of Tuesday morning for a packed day of tours and workshops. Having spent the morning in Parliament attending hearing of the Women's and Equalities Select Committee, she spent the afternoon in Number 10 Downing Street. We also found time to have a cup of tea and a chat about her academic interests and career ambitions. 
On Tuesday afternoon there was a debate in the Commons Chamber to mark International Women's Day. Jess Phillips, the Labour MP for Birmingham Yardley, took the opportunity to focus the House's attention on the pervasive problem of domestic violence:

In 2015, a woman was murdered in the UK every three days—women murdered by men who they should have been able to trust. Commonly, women are murdered by their partners, husbands or boyfriends, but also in some cases by their fathers, sons or brothers. We wish to give voice to honour the women who died.

Today, I stand to honour every victim in the fight to end violence against women. Here are the names of the women who have died since International Women’s Day last year: Lucy Ayris, aged 25; Alison Wilson, 36; Janet Muller, 21; Sarah Pollock, 41; Jill Goldsmith, 49; Zaneta Balazova, 23; Cecilia Powell, 95; Marian Smith, 74; Violet Price, 80; Karen Buckley, 24; Susan Davenport, 63; Sandra Thomas, 57; Sarah Fox, 27; Bernadette Fox, 57; Aileen Bell, 60; Frances Cleary-Senior, 49; Tracey Woodford, 47; Mariola Cudworth, 36; Anna Rosenberg, 43; Wendy Milligan, 46; Gloria Perring, 76; Mahala Rhodes, 42; Marta Ligman, 23; Emma Crowhurst, 36; Joanna Doman, 55; Shigi Rethishkumar, 35; Neha Rethishkumar, 13; Niya Rethishkumar, 13; Grace Kissell, 33; Jan Jordon, 48; Ramute Butkiene, 42; Anne Dunkley, 67; Phyllis Hayes, 65; Nazia Akhtar, 31; Nadia Khan, 24; Jennifer Edwards, 45; Stacey Henderson, 35; Rita Stephens, 67; Jennifer Williams, 25; Amy Smith, 17; Anita Kapoor, 34; Linda Norcup, 46; Lisa Anthony, 47; Ava Anthony, 14; Lorraine Barwell, 54; Laura Davies, 21; Tracey Baker, 42; Florisse Corette, 81; Jill Moon, 62; Isobel “Becky” Parker, 23; Gillian Phillips, 54; Amal Abdi, 21; Jenny Foote, 38; Miriam Nyazema, 35; Denisa Silman, 25; Jennifer Dornan, 30; Jan Bennett, 67; Laura Holden, 36; Elife Bequ, 34; Katelyn Parker, 24; Elizabeth Nnyanzi, 31; Wendy Mann, 26; Lauren Masters, 20; Sam Ho, 39; Natalia Strelchenko, 38; Julie Collier, 55; Karen Reid, 53; Petra Atkinson, 42; Anne-Marie Cropper, 47; Nicola Cross, 37; Shelley Saxton-Cooper, 45; Sarrah Garba, 27; Jourdain John-Baptiste, 22; Maxine Showers, 42; Helen Lancaster, 54; Malgorzata Marczak, 29; Usha Patel, 44; Leighanne Cameron, 29; Imelda Molina, 49; Kerry Reeves, 26; Christine Tunnicliffe-Massey, 57; Bianca Shepherd, 58; Barbara Barniecka, 43; Kayleigh Haywood, 15; Susan Mitchelson, 45; Kelly Pearce, 36; Jean Robertson, 85; Wendy Goodman, 48; Josephine Williamson, 83; Sian Roberts, 36; Hilda Mary Oakland, 71; Ravinder Jutla, 43; Jackie Abbott, 54; Lija Aroustamova, 52; Mumtaz Member, 56; Sian Blake, 43; Kathleen Griffin, 57; Mambero Ghebreflafie, 22; Daria Pionko, 21; Katie Locke, 23; Rita King, 81; Marjorie Elphick, 83; Katy Rourke, 25; Katrina O’Hara, 44; Georgina Symonds, 25; Lisa Lyttle, 49; Andrea Lewis, 51; India Chipchase, 20; Guida Rufino, 38; Elidona Demiraj, 25; Geraldine Newman, 51; Caroline Andrews, 52; Sheila Jefferson, 73; Leanne Wall, 36; Jessica McGraa, 37; Maria Byrne, 35; Lisa Reynolds, 31; Natasha Bradbury, 28; Julie Hill, 51; and Rose Hill, 75.

It was a moving and powerful contribution and, unusually for the House of Commons, was received with applause. In my intervention in Mim Davies's speech, I reminded the House that the women's suffrage movement of the early twentieth-century secured political representation for working class men as well as women:

Everyone knows that women were given the vote at the end of the 1914-18 war, but that cloaked the fact that working-class men were also given the vote. Does the hon. Lady, like me, celebrate the fact that women, through their campaigning, also led to those men accessing the vote? That should never be forgotten.

Ms Davies agreed:

I always think that women campaigning do make things generally better for men. We must be reminded of the power that women have at the ballot box. 

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WEDNESDAY

Briefing Breakfast

Wednesday morning began with a fascinating briefing from Air Vice-Marshall Paul Atherton OBE, the Director of Operations in the Military Authority, on RAF operations in Sub-Saharan Africa. At half-past 9 I hurried off to a private meeting of the Beyond Endurance Inquiry which I am chairing.
Extended Sunday Trading

On Wednesday afternoon, the Chamber debated an amendment to the controversial clause of the Enterprise Bill which allows local authorities to extend Sunday Trading hours. David Burrowes, the Conservative MP for Enfield, Southgate,  tabled the amendment and led a Conservative back-bench rebellion against the proposal with the support of Labour and the Scottish Nationalist Parties. Mr Burrowes questioned why the Government was seeking to replace a settlement on Sunday opening hours that receives the broad consent of employers, workers and faith groups. Mr Burrowes said that his Conservative colleagues could not escape responsibility for the policy by hiding behind its 'localist' façade:

When we make this decision here in Parliament, everyone who votes against amendment 1 will have to agree with the premise that deregulation is good for businesses, families and workers. Members have to make this decision; we cannot simply devolve it to local authorities.

Jonathan Reynolds rose in support of the amendment and criticised the 'consultation' that the Government had conducted on the policy:

It has been described to me on numerous occasions as a whitewash. The consultation concludes that the majority of responses were in favour of the proposal to devolve the power, yet in answer to a written parliamentary question to me on Monday, the Minister could not tell me how many of the 7,000-plus responses were against the proposal. How can the Government conclude that the majority of respondents were in favour of the proposal when they cannot even give the House the numbers? I was very disappointed with that answer. It should not be beyond the capabilities of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills to work out how many respondents are for or against a Government proposal. I hope the Minister will be able to rectify that from the Dispatch Box and provide some much needed transparency.

Following a chaotic division in which not even the Deputy Speaker knew how 'EVEL' (English Votes on English Laws) applied to the vote, the Government was defeated by 31 votes. 
Pilgrim Fathers (400th Anniversary), Adjournment Debate

On Tuesday evening John Mann, the Labour MP for Bassetlaw, led an Adjournment Debate to mark the landing of the Mayflower boat in America in the autumn 1620. Mr Mann said that the anniversary in 2020 provides 'a historic opportunity' to 'reinvigorate' the shared history and values of the European towns from which the 'Pilgrims' originated and communities they founded on the Eastern Seaboard of America. 
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THURSDAY

Business Questions

In Business Questions on Thursday, Chris Bryant criticised the 'Brexit' campaign for 'trying to recruit members of the royal family to its cause', following the suggestion in The Sun newspaper that the Queen had confided in her Privy Councillors that she opposed Britain's membership of the EU.

I took the opportunity to draw attention to World Kidney Day:

As chairman of the all-party kidney group, may I say welcome to World Kidney Day? Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease accounts for one in four kidney dialysis patients and kidney transplants. I know that the Leader of the House is allergic to anything to do with Brussels, but a Brussels declaration calls for a debate on the need for a national co-ordinated approach to polycystic disease, clear funding of research, patient-centred care pathways, and information about, as well as access to, nephrologists, who are knowledgeable about polycystic kidney disease. May we have a debate on this urgent and important matter?

The Leader of the House replied:

I absolutely understand the need to provide high-quality services for patients affected. That is one reason why we continue to push up the budgets for the national health service. The important thing is to take the right decisions in the right ways for patients in this country, and that is what this Government are doing through the investment in healthcare.

 
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This Week in Parliament, 7th-10th March

7th-10th March This was another busy week of committee meetings and parliamentary debates. The week also saw a welcome defeat of the Government's 'Sunday Trading' proposals and a moving debate...

 This_week_in_Parliament_heading.jpg

This was a busy week of Departmental meetings, receptions and debates in the House. Although the question of Britain's future relationship with Europe continued to dominate political discussion this week, there were plenty of other issues up for debate. See what else I got up to below...

This Week in Parliament, 29th February- 3rd March

  This was a busy week of Departmental meetings, receptions and debates in the House. Although the question of Britain's future relationship with Europe continued to dominate political discussion this...

 This_week_in_Parliament_heading.jpg

22nd-25th February

Early on Saturday morning I began my House of Commons Defence Select Committee trip to the Middle East with a 7 hour flight to Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. We flew to Baghdad on Tuesday and returned to London on Friday afternoon. I have arrived back in Bridgend exhausted after a busy week of meetings with senior government figures from across the region. When I had a moment to myself, I caught up with the news from Westminster and the fallout of the Prime Minister's EU re-negotiation and referendum announcement.

MONDAY

Home Office Questions

On Monday morning, Home Secretary Theresa May and her Ministerial team were in the Chamber to field questions from MPs. A number of MPs brought up the question of port security. Anna Turley, the Labour MP for Redcar, expressed concern that port security in the North East was being compromised by cuts of about a quarter' to front-line Border Force staff. Mike Kane, the Labour MP for Wythenshawe and Sale East, revealed that the Home office was unable to provide statistics relating to the function of security gates at his local international airport. David Davies, the Conservative MP for Monmouth, expressed a similar frustration at being unable to extract information from the Home Office relating to the number of people who 'arrive at UK airports without valid travel documents'. Mrs May sought to reassure her critics by emphasising her Department's investment in border security staff and technology. Keir Starmer MP, the Shadow Home Office Minister, made the point that, 'one of the most powerful arguments for the UK remaining in the EU is that we need and rely on a strong EU coordinated approach to security, including at our borders and our ports.' Michael Fabricant, the Conservative MP for Lichfield, called Mr Starmer a 'mischievous monkey' for introducing the Europe question into the debate.
EU Referendum

Britain's future relationship with Europe dominated proceedings in Westminster in this week, following the completion of the Prime Minister's EU renegotiation at the European Council. In the Commons Chamber on Monday afternoon the Prime Minister set out the reforms to Britain's relationship with the EU that he has agreed with the heads of government of the other member states. He claimed to have delivered reforms in each of his priority areas: new protections for the UK economy; making Europe more 
competitive; reducing migration within the EU and 'the abuse of free movement'; withdrawing the UK from a commitment to further European political integration. The Prime Minister argued that with these reforms having been secured, it is in Britain's interests to remain in the EU:

We are a great country, and whatever choice we make we will still be great. But I believe the choice is between being an even greater Britain inside a reformed EU and a great leap into the unknown. The challenges facing the west today are genuinely threatening: Putin’s aggression in the east; Islamist extremism to the south. In my view, this is no time to divide the west. When faced with challenges to our way of life, our values and our freedoms, this is a time for strength in numbers.

Some of the most vocal opponents to Britain's continued membership of the EU are within the Conservative Party. Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London and the MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislup, has come out in support of the 'leave' campaign. He asked the Prime Minister to 'explain to the House and the country in exactly what way this deal returns sovereignty over any field of lawmaking to these Houses of Parliament?' For the Prime Minister, however, the question of whether to remain in the EU has less to do with the recovery of national sovereignty than with the exercise of power and influence:

This deal brings back some welfare powers, it brings back some immigration powers, it brings back some bail-out powers, but more than that, because it carves us forever out of ever closer union, it means that the ratchet of the European Court taking power away from this country cannot happen in future. For those who worry—and people do worry—that somehow if we vote to remain in, the consequence could be more action in Brussels to try and change the arrangements we have, we have a lock in this House of Commons: no power can be passed from Britain to Brussels without a referendum of the British people. So we have a better deal, we have a special status, and we have a chance to make sure that we build on what we have, protect our people and enhance our prosperity, and that is the choice we should make.

Ed Miliband, the Labour MP for Doncaster North and former Labour Leader, was in the usual position of agreeing wholeheartedly with the Prime Minister and deployed a similar vocabulary to argue that remaining in the EU is in Britain's 'national interest':

I want to go to the big picture question, which is about how we influence things in our national interest. Let me draw the Prime Minister out on the powerful end to his statement. Of course, by being a member of the European Union, we do not always get out own way, but given what he said to the hon. Member for Stone (Sir William Cash), on all the major issues, whether it is trade, climate change or terrorism and security—he can tell us, because he has been the Prime Minister—does he believe we have more influence in the European Union or outside? Surely the answer is that we have more influence inside the European Union, not outside. That is why I passionately believe we must remain in the European Union.
Saudi Arabia

I arrived in Saudi Arabia late on Saturday night. We met leading ministers and military personnel from across the region to discuss the wars In Yemen and Syria. Our discussions with the Chairman of the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Vice President of Yemen (below) were particularly helpful in giving a wider view of the conflicts.
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TUESDAY

Foreign Office Questions

The SNP MP for Aberdeen South, Callum McCaig, expressed his concern at the Government's failure to renew its 'strategy' for the abolition of the death penalty. David Lidington, the Minister for Europe, was reluctant to comment on this specific point, but stated his and the Government's broader opposition to the use of the death penalty abroad.

Julie Cooper, the Labour MP for Burnley, asked the Foriegn Office Minister Hugo Swire 'If he will take steps to support self-determination for the people of Kashmir', the contested region that borders India, Pakistan, China and Afghanistan. Ms Cooper cited a 1948 UN Security Council Resolution which instructs the Governments of India and Pakistan to 'prepare for a plebiscite to determine the future of Kashmir'. She asked the Minister if he agreed that the time had come for the provision of the UN Resolution to be realised. The Minister replied,

We do not intend to support an international conference or plebiscite on Kashmir. Our long-standing position is that it is for India and Pakistan to find a lasting resolution. We are acutely aware of the allegations of human rights abuses in Kashmir. This was discussed with my right hon. Friend the Prime Minister when Prime Minister Modi was here in November 2015, and we continue to monitor the situation closely.

This answer was not well received by David Nuttall, the Conservative MP for Bury North, who suggested that many of his constituents who are of 'Kashmiri origin and heritage take the view that this entire problem was left behind by the UK when we ruled that area'. Mr Nutall asked the Minister if there was not an 'obligation on the UK to take a more proactive role'?
Military Training: Mental Health Resilience

On Tuesday afternoon, Caroline Ansell, the Conservative MP for Eastbourne, led a Westminster Hall debate on the prevention of mental illness in armed forces personnel. Ms Ansell emphasised the need to prepare personnel for the mental as well as the physical challenges they will confront throughout their careers. She said that further cultural changes were needed in the Armed Forces to encourage personnel to be mindful of and to talk about their mental and emotional well-being. This involves tackling alcohol abuse which, as Flick Drummond MP pointed out, 'is one of the most frequently reported mental health problems for deployed UK troops'.
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WEDNESDAY

The Macur Review

The Macur Review was established to determine whether the Waterhouse Inquiry into the abuse of children in care in the former Gwynedd and Clwyd council areas between 1974 and 1996, failed to investigate any specific allegations of child abuse that fell within the inquiry's terms of reference. Lady Justice Macur handed her report to the Government in December last year but it has yet to be published. In Questions to the Secretary of State for Wales on Wednesday, Ann Clwyd, the Labour MP for Cynon Valley, put pressure on the Government to the publish the report:

Eight young boys in my constituency were abused in the 1980s. They have waited all this time for some conclusions. It is ridiculous that in the past two months Government Departments have been sitting on Lady Macur’s report. What is going on? I understand that redactions are taking place. What confidence can we have that when the report is eventually published it is a true report without interference from Government?

In his reply Stephen Crabb MP, the Secretary of State for Wales, paid tribute to Ms Clwyd's campaign to expose historic incidences of child abuse:

I thank the right hon. Lady for her question. We are discussing something incredibly serious and sensitive. Let me put on record my thanks to her for the tireless work that she has put in over the years to fight for justice for those who have suffered horrendous abuse. We are talking about some of the most shameful episodes in the history of the nation of Wales.

We have the report, and it is being looked at by the Crown Prosecution Service, the Director of Public Prosecutions and the police. Lady Justice Macur recommended to the Government that certain redactions might need to be made. The commitment that I give to the right hon. Lady and the House today is that we will make redactions only where they are absolutely necessary, and we will provide a full explanation of why we are making those redactions. We owe that to the victims.

Transitional State Pension Arrangements for Women

On Wednesday afternoon, Labour used allocated Opposition time to argue for 'fair transitional state pension arrangements' for women born in the 1950s. Owen Smith MP, the Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, accused successive of Conservative Governments of failing to be honest with women about their plans to equalise the pension age and the implications it would have. I and other Labour MPs have received a considerable number of letters opposing the Government plans. Kevan Jones, the Labour MP for North Durham, said that he has a disabled constituent, who having assumed she would retire at 60, 'has no ability whatsoever to make up the difference for the six years she has lost because of these changes'. 
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THURSDAY

Women and Equalities

On Thursday morning, Government Minister Nicky Morgan took to the Despatch Box in her capacity as Minister for Women and Equalities. Susan Elan Jones, the Labour MP for Clwyd South, asked about Government measures to tackle 'gender economic inequality'. Ms Elan Jones said that women were 'over-represented in sectors in which low pay is prominent and persistent' and asked Minister Harriet Baldwin what her Government is doing to tackle 'extended occupational segregation'. Maria Miller, the Conservative MP for Basingstoke, reported a 30% gender pay gap in her constituency and argued tackling pay inequality should 'be on the agenda of every single company throughout the country'. 

Chris Law, the SNP MP for Dundee West, asked Minister Priti Patel to respond to research produced by the Institute for Fiscal Studies which suggests that single parents, the overwhelming majority of whom are women, will be disproportionately affected by changes to Universal Credit. In response, Ms Patel insisted that her Department had 'fully assessed the impact of the Bill's equality measures' .
 
Iraq

I spent Wednesday and Thursday in Baghdad under tight security. Despite the tense atmosphere of the city, however, Defence and Interior Ministers, members of the intelligence services and tribal Sheiks insisted that progress was being made.
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This Week in Parliament, 22nd-25th February

  22nd-25th February Early on Saturday morning I began my House of Commons Defence Select Committee trip to the Middle East with a 7 hour flight to Riyadh, the capital...


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